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Appendix I: OneGeology-Europe English keyword dictionary picklist

Term Definition
GEOLOGY Earth’s history and its life as recorded in the rocks; includes the study of geologic features of an area, such as the geometry of rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation.
bedrock consolidated rock
superficial deposits unconsolidated/quaternary geological deposits
surface geology superficial deposits and bedrock which occurs at the Earth’s surface
borehole boreholes or data surveyed in boreholes
Geochronology absolute ages of rocks, fossils, and sediments, within a certain degree of uncertainty inherent to the method used
Radiometry  
absolute age  
Stratigraphy rock and sediment layers and layering (stratification)
Biostratigraphy  
Chronostratigraphy  
Structural geology three-dimensional distribution of rock units with respect to their deformational histories
tectonics  
neotectonics  
structure  
fault  
fold  
Petrology origin, occurrence, structure, and history of rocks
Lithology  
igneous rock  
metamorphic rock  
sedimentary rock  
Mineralogy  
Geochemistry distribution and amounts of the chemical elements in minerals, ores, rocks, soils, and water
Hydrogeochemistry  
Lithogeochemistry  
Organic geochemistry  
Pedology soil morphology, genesis, and classification
soil  
permafrost  
Sedimentology description, classification, origin, and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks
deposition  
erosion  
marine submersion  
mudflow  
Geomorphology landforms on the Earth’s surface and the processes that shape them
Geoheritage geological sites of scientific, cultural or aesthetic value, including geotourism
conservation  
geological trail  
geopark  
geosite  
geotourism  
preservation  
artificial ground man-made deposits, mineral workings, re-modelled or altered ground
Marine Geology investigations of the ocean floor and coastal margins
seafloor type  
shallow gas  
bathymetry  
Miscellaneous  
education  
mathematical geology  
popular geology  
GEOPHYSICS measurements and interpolations of geophysical parameters
Gravimetry measurement of the strength of a gravitational field
Geomagnetism measurements of the Earth’s magnetic field
Paleomagnetism the record of the Earth’s magnetic field preserved in various magnetic minerals through time
Geoelectricity measurements of the Earth’s natural electric fields and phenomena
Radioactivity measurements of the Earth’s radioactive elements
Seismology earthquakes and the propagation of elastic waves through the Earth
Geothermics study of the thermal state of the interior of the solid Earth and of the thermal properties of Earth materials
ECONOMIC GEOLOGY geologic bodies and materials that can be utilized profitably by man
exploration  
mining  
Metals metal resources
Minerals mineral resources
Energy energy resources
coal  
peat  
oil  
oil shale  
gas  
ENGINEERING GEOLOGY geologic factors affecting the location, design, construction, operation and maintenance of engineering works
geotechnics  
rock mechanics  
soil mechanics  
land heave  
land subsidence  
ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY human interactions with the geological environment
Geologic hazards geological conditions capable of causing damage or loss of property and life
avalanche  
cavity caving  
collapse of metastable sediments  
earthquake  
flood  
landslide  
mud and debris flow  
off-shore landslides and collapses  
quick clay  
rockfall  
tsunami  
volcanism  
Pollution human pollution (contamination) of the geological environment
acid drainage  
groundwater pollution  
diffuse pollution  
point-source pollution  
reclamation  
soil pollution  
Climate change geological conditions as they effect climate change
emission of climate gas  
global warming  
methane exhalation  
sea level rise  
carbon capture and storage  
Waste unwanted or unusable materials
Medical geology geological conditions as they effect human, animal and plant health
airborne dust exposure  
arsenic exposure  
asbestos exposure  
heavy metal exposure  
radon exposure  
HYDROGEOLOGY distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth’s crust
aquifer  
groundwater  
groundwater abstraction  
groundwater level  
infiltration  
spring  
water quality  
water well  
ONEGEOLOGY-Europe only:  
OneGeology-Europe  
1G-E  
harmonized geology  
harmonized age  
harmonized genesis  
harmonized data  
harmonized structure  

Section last modified: 12 February 2013

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